Phoenix clinches No. 2 spot, downs Blackwater behind Abueva, Wright

first_imgPBA IMAGESPhoenix flaunts a prolific import in Eugene Phelps but it was the Fuel Masters’ star locals who led the way in a crucial game on Sunday.Calvin Abueva and Matthew Wright scored 10 points each in the fourth quarter as Phoenix fended off Blackwater, 97-91, to clinch the No. 2 spot heading into the 2018 PBA Governors’ Cup quarterfinals.ADVERTISEMENT Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Wright had 23 points, including a heavily-contested step back jumper from the left corner that put the Fuel Masters ahead, 95-89, with 41.5 seconds remaining. The Fil-Canadian sniper also collected seven rebounds and five assists.Blackwater blew its chance to nail a twice-to-beat edge after squandering a nine-point lead in the third quarter. Instead, the fifth-seeded Elite will play the Magnolia Hotshots, who will have the twice-to-beat.Henry Walker had 21 points and 12 rebounds for Blackwater, which lost key player Mike DiGregorio at the 6:07 mark of the second quarter.DiGregorio got ejected after being slapped with a flagrant foul penalty 2 for throwing the ball at Phelps.Phelps had 16 points, 19 rebounds and five assists.ADVERTISEMENT View comments Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Allen Durham still determined to help Meralco win 1st PBA title Japeth Aguilar embraces role, gets rewarded with Finals MVP plum Ateneo holds off Adamson for 5th straight win LATEST STORIES MOST READ Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college Tim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crown Gov’t to employ 6,000 displaced by Taal “I told them during the halftime break that you have to take pride with your defense,” Phoenix head coach Louie Alas said. “It was all about the defense.”The Fuel Masters, who will own twice-to-beat advantage in the quarters, made crucial stops and big shots late courtesy of Abueva and Wright.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissAbueva was all over the floor and finished with a game-high 25 points that went with eight rebounds and a steal in just less than 22 minutes of action.He also hit two free throws to put the game out of reach with 10.5 ticks to go.last_img read more

UP Appalled by Developments in Nimba

first_imgThe Unity Party (UP) says it is appalled by the unfolding developments in Nimba County, which according to media reports have  disrupted the operations of ArcelorMittal at their Mount Tokadi site.According to the UP, the destruction of the company’s facilities, bridges and other critical pieces of infrastructure by hoodlums is a complete act of barbarity that must not go unpunished.“We are dismayed over this latest act of madness, especially at this critical period when our Government is exerting all efforts to attract the much-needed foreign Direct Investment (FDIs) to a county that had experienced some of the most devastating effects of the civil war.”The UP authorities have call for the speedy investigation of the violence and the prompt prosecution of those involved, they said.The Unity Party authorities call on the leaders of Nimba County to demonstrate “patriotism and truthfulness” by putting their sectarian politics aside as this matter is being investigated.“The leaders of the county should rise above their differences and other parochial interests and cooperate fully with central government as this shameful act is being investigated, this is an act of sabotage and therefore calls for a united front.”The UP authorities said, if the reports emanating from some quarters of Nimba County are true that the recent violence was “incited”, then this must be a serious cause for concern.There can be no justification for the wave and scale of wanton destruction witnessed in Nimba County.  We  believe this can achieve nothing other than destruction, they stressed.“We look anxiously forward to the speedy investigation of the violence within the concessions area of ArcelorMittal and the attending devastating consequences.“We urge the citizens and leaders of the communities affected to be true ambassadors of peace by exposing those responsible for this level of madness.”The UP further urged the residents of the affected communities and their leaders to beware of the setback that destructive conduct and actions have caused.“The perpetrators of the violence must bear the full responsibility for any further delays in the implementation of provisions of the Mineral Development Agreements (MDA), since the company will now be constrained to restore the facilities that you have so wantonly destroyed.”    The UP leaders urged the management of ArcelorMittal to immediately halt any further payment of compensation and or benefits to the residents of the affected communities until at such time as all claims are evaluated, verified and validated and the identities of the beneficiaries authenticated. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

L.A. district attorney to tackle online fraud

first_imgIn one of those cases, a Nigerian man was sentenced last year to 10years in prison in connection with the largest case in county history. Oluwatunji Oluwatosin of North Hollywood, along with several co-conspirators, gained access to personal data stored in the national ChoicePoint consumer data network, prosecutors said. The conspirators opened more than 40 fraudulent ChoicePoint accounts and conducted 189,000 searches to obtain personal identifying information. In turn, they used that information to establish fraudulent credit card accounts. The theft resulted in losses exceeding $6.5 million. In another case, Cooley said, two people allegedly planted encoded card-number skimming devices in Arco gas stations to record customers’ debit card and PIN numbers. The information was then used to make counterfeit debit cards that allowed them to make unauthorized withdrawals from victims’ bank accounts. More than 7,600 ATM transactions were attempted, amounting to a loss of $1.4 million, Cooley said. Sheriff’s Lt. Rocky Costa, project director of the Southern California High-Tech Task Force, said the cases can be difficult and time-consuming to investigate. “We usually don’t catch the really smart computer criminals,” Costa said. “We usually catch the dumb ones because the really smart computer crooks know how to hide their footprints, will take advantage of host Web sites, wireless networks and Internet cafes.” And Andy Bechtle, assistant to the special agent in charge of the U.S. Secret Service in Los Angeles and a member of the Electronic Crimes Task Force, said the sophistication of the schemes is increasing. “You’ve got everything from phishing scams to people using Internet chat rooms and message boards buying and selling credit card information – which have been stolen from unsecured databases – to just your run-of-the-mill credit card and other types of electronic fraud,” Bechtle said. One common scheme involves cyber-criminals who send “spoofed” e-mails to lead people to counterfeit Web sites designed to trick them into divulging financial data, account-user names and passwords. “Be leery of the sites you are going to,” Bechtle said. “From what I’ve seen and the cases we’ve worked, putting your credit card online is a risky venture because you don’t know how all those private companies set up the security features on their databases.” One way to combat Internet or electronic-fraud schemes is to make sure computers run anti-virus software that is constantly updated. And users of wireless computers also need to be careful. “I don’t think the public knows how bad things have gotten,” said Kathryn Showers, head deputy district attorney of the High Technology Crimes Division. “For example, there is a practice called `war ganging’ where if someone has a wireless laptop, they can come and park outside your home, and if you don’t have a router on the system to protect transmissions, they can monitor what you are doing and use your IP address to commit crimes.” Cooley and Costa cited one case of a sophisticated electronic-fraud scheme in which hackers got into the computer system of a brokerage firm and stole the retirement funds from the employees of a small company – hundreds of thousands of dollars worth. Costa said the scheme is similar to a growing number of scams across the country. “What we’re seeing now is thieves who are able to tap into database computers, bank accounts, retirement accounts and stock-trading accounts,” Costa said. “Apparently, they are figuring this out, little by little.” troy.anderson@dailynews.com 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGame Center: Chargers at Kansas City Chiefs, Sunday, 10 a.m.Cooley, who recently added several investigators and prosecutors to his High Technology Crime Division, said he plans to ask the county Board of Supervisors to triple the size of the office to help fight the problem. Nationwide, the number of electronic fraud complaints tracked by the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center has more than quadrupled since 2001, rising from 49,711 to 207,492 last year. And the losses associated with those crimes have soared 1,000 percent – from $18 million to $198million last year. The average loss per victim today is $724. But experts say that’s just the tip of the iceberg because many incidents are not reported. The FBI estimates businesses are losing $67 billion annually to electronic fraud. Identity theft also is soaring as criminals committing electronic fraud gain access to other personal identification in government and business databases. Nearly 9 million people were victims of identity theft nationwide last year. By Troy Anderson STAFF WRITER Warning of a “tsunami” coming in high-technology crime, Los Angeles County District Attorney Steve Cooley wants to triple the size of an investigative unit that combats such theft. “The future is grim for innocent people,” Cooley said. “Electronic crime is the new thing that is out there. We are getting more and more crimes committed essentially over the Internet – people stealing money from someone else over the Internet.” last_img

COMPETITION: WIN A WELLA PROFESSIONAL STYLE IRON WITH PATRICK GILDEA HAIRDRESSING

first_imgThe Wella Professional Style IronGuess What? We no longer stock or use GHD’s at Patrick Gildea Hairdressing salon?Why? Because we have found a product that gives a better finish, is easier to use and most importantly is amazing value at just €90!We are so impressed with the Wella Pro Style Iron that we just had to tell you about it! 
We were the first Salon in the North West to use GHD and we are now the first Salon in the North West to endorse the Wella Pro Iron, with such a high quality product at a fraction of the price- What’s not to love?We are also delighted to be giving Donegal Daily readers the chance to win a Wella Pro Style Iron of their very own! For more information on how to win click here: http://www.patrickgildea.ie/win-wella-pro/ Patrick Gildea’s new salon.COMPETITION: WIN A WELLA PROFESSIONAL STYLE IRON WITH PATRICK GILDEA HAIRDRESSING was last modified: June 26th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Patrick Gildea Hairdressinglast_img read more

UNDER 14A INISHOWEN FINAL THIS SUNDAY

first_imgC.L.G Bord Inis EoghainThe Under 14A Inishowen Final will take place between Bun an Phobail v Naomh Padraig this Sunday, June 17th, at 8pm in Connolly Park, Malin.  UNDER 14A INISHOWEN FINAL THIS SUNDAY was last modified: June 15th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

GREYHOUND RACING: LIFFORD CHARITY MEETING RESULTS

first_imgResults from tonight’s special night of greyhound racing  in Lifford in aid of MacMillan Cancer Support and Marie Curie Cancer Care were:Race 1 East Donegal CC Novice Open (350 yards): 1, Peads Tango 4/5 fav; 2, Headwire Sal 6/1. Time: 19.05. Distance: 4.5 lengths.Race 2 Droopys Stud & Whitehouse Veterinary 350 (350 yards): 1, Fridays Mike 6/4 fav; 2, Tyrgal Charlie 6/1. Time: 18.69. Distance: 4 lengths. Race 3 Doire Construction 600 (600 yards): 1, Headman Chris 5/2; 2, Westward Round. Favourite: Gizmo Classic 6/4. Time: 32.55. Distance`: 2.25 lengths.Race 4 Dandelion Bar & Club 525 (525 yards): 1, Shale Bob 6/4; 2, Budders Luck 6/1. Time: 28.82. Distance: a length.Race 5 Paul’s Butchers 525 (525 yards): 1, Farloe Quest 1/2 fav; 2, Tahina Kadyn 6/1. Time: 28.47. Distance: 6.75 lengths.Race 6 Hather Kennels & Sandy Close 575 (575 yards): 1, Mongys Girl 4/5  fav; 2, Lotus Paddy 10/1. Time: 31.48. Distance: 3.5 lengths. Race 7 MacMillan & Marie Curie 550 (550 yards): 1, Mind the Net 4/5 fav; 2, Tahina Kyle 10/1. Time: 29.72. Distance: 3.5 lengths.Race 8 —– —— ——-Race 9 Malone Lodge Hotel 350 (350 yards): 1, Darfin Dancer 6/1; 2, Crown Champ 4/6 fav. Time: 18.57. Distance: 4.5 lengths.Race 10 Fridays Kennel & Messan Kennel 525 (525 yards): 1, Curley Luke 2/1; 2, Drumsna Canyon 5/2. Time: 29.19. Distance: 1.75 lengths.Race 11 Hamilton Architects 550 (550 yards): 1, Wayiseeit 6/4 fav; 2, Storm Warrior 5/1. Time: 30.23. Distance: 6.75 lengths. GREYHOUND RACING: LIFFORD CHARITY MEETING RESULTS was last modified: June 29th, 2014 by johngerardShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:charitygreyhoundLiffordmeeting resultsRacinglast_img

Tall tower falls – but not all the way down

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBlues bury Kings early with four first-period goals The abandoned feed mill elevator, widely considered the tallest building in South Dakota, was being demolished to make way for office and retail space. The property owners had turned the event into a fundraiser for the Dakota chapter of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Residents bought T-shirts and $1 raffle tickets for the chance to trigger the blast, and stood outside with temperatures in the teens to view the tower’s demise. Crews had drilled holes into the tower’s supporting columns and stuffed them with explosives, intending to drop the tower like a falling tree. However, the rear of the tower was so rotten that it wasn’t stiff enough to push over, said Jim Redyke, president of blasting specialist Dykon Explosive Demolition of Tulsa, Okla. “As the weight was transferred to the back side, it crushed the back walls and it crushed the basement wall,” Redyke said. The tower collapsed into the structure’s basement and got wedged. SIOUX FALLS, S.D. – Thousands of spectators gathered Saturday to watch the demolition of the city’s tallest building – but the Zip Feed Mill tower was no pushover. The 202-foot-tall concrete structure dropped slightly, leaned a little – and stopped. Onlookers at viewing spots all over downtown groaned and gasped – with a few jokes mixed in. “The leaning tower of Zip,” one woman said. “The building won!” yelled another man, to the cheers of onlookers. Crews planned to return to knock it down with a crane, but that might not occur until Thursday, said Jeff Hanson, spokesman for the site’s co-owners, Raven Industries Inc. and Howalt-McDowell Insurance Inc. Officials and the contractor in charge examined the site and determined that the tower would hold, but the site remains fenced off and watched by security guards. The blast may well have been enough to knock off the tower’s tallest-building status. Qwest Tower in downtown Sioux Falls hadn’t been far behind at 195 feet. The tower was opened in 1956, one of the most modern feed elevators of its time, but ceased operations in 2000. It sits on a bare lot in an industrial section just east of downtown along the Big Sioux River in this city of 134,000. For much of its history, Sioux Falls’ largest employer was a livestock meatpacking plant. But about 25 years ago, Citibank moved its credit card division to Sioux Falls and started a change toward more white-collar jobs. The Zip tower is being replaced by a $15 million office and retail center, and possibly a new events center. Construction could begin this spring. The raffle tickets raised $25,000 for the charity. Corporate sponsorships, VIP admissions and T-shirt sales were expected to raise the total past $140,000. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

TWITTER USERS TO TAKE TO NEW HEIGHTS UP ERRIGAL

first_imgAutism Awareness across Donegal will be taken to new heights this weekend!Errigal.A group of Twitter users from Donegal – and some from further afield – join with other eager climbers for the Donegal Autism Family to turn Mount Errigal blue at the third annual Mount Errigal Tweet-up.The charity tweet-up is also aiming to help Donegal Mountain Rescue and for the third year in succession, also plans to assist the Little Angels School by collecting old mobile phones for the school at their base camp on on the day. One of the organisers of the first climb, Carl Diver explained that the initial idea came from a chance comment, but after a hugely successful first and second climb, the third was never really in doubt.This year’s Tweet-Up had however been pencilled in for a different day, but once the local twitter followers became aware of the plans to raise Autism Awareness this weekend, they decided to see if they could join in and perhaps swell the numbers in the process.Clare McCahill who is helping organise this year’s tweet-up said the organisers of ‘Turn Donegal Blue for Autism Awareness’ were only too glad to have the Tweet-Up climbers as part of their campaign.“The climb has always been tied in with charity so this was a perfect opportunity to tie in with a group who were also climbing Errigal as part of their activities,” Clare said. She explained that the Donegal Autism Family Support Group are hoping to turn Errigal blue and highlight autism awareness and an aerial photo is planned so we are really hoping for a great turn out and we are asking people to wear blue on the day or to buy an autism awareness t-shirt at the event.Liam Porter who has also helped promote the Tweet-Up over the past three years added that the climbers would also be seeking to assist other local groups.“We will, as we have in previous years, also be collecting old phones for the Little Angels school in Letterkenny while this year we will also be supporting Donegal Mountain Rescue who need to raise funds to replace two of their emergency response vehicles.”Climbers are due to meet at the car park at the foot of Errigal at 11am on Sunday morning and are asked to remember their blue clothing for the aerial photograph.You can follow the climb on Twitter @errigaltweetup and with the hashtag #errigaltweetup and you can also find out more about the climb by joining the Errigal Tweet-up open group on Facebook. TWITTER USERS TO TAKE TO NEW HEIGHTS UP ERRIGAL was last modified: April 1st, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:autismErrigalTwitterlast_img read more

Burnt Bridges, Brownian Ratchets, and Self-Propelled Motors Keep Skin Young Looking

first_imgRock climbers and cavers are familiar with mechanical devices called ascenders that enable them to climb ropes safely and easily.  Ascenders slide up the rope in one direction, but latch onto it tightly when pulled the other direction.  Now imagine the ascender by itself, hanging on the rope, in a flurry of winds blowing in all directions.  Despite the randomness of the gusts, the ascender might still make progress upward, because it slides up, but cannot slide down.  A team at Washington University School of Medicine, publishing in Science1 October 1, found something similar at work in the cell.  A molecular motor named collagenase MMP-1 uses the random thermal motion in its environment (Brownian motion) to self-propel itself along the triple tracks of collagen molecules.    “Molecular motors,” like the motors in our experience, are machines that convert energy into motion, but in the cell, they’re constructed of protein.  Many kinds are known: propellers, railroad cars, walkers and other exotic things, but most of them extract chemical energy from the “energy currency” of the cell, ATP.  Collagenase uses the free thermal motion of the environment to its advantage.  Acting as a “Brownian ratchet,” it converts random fluctuations into unidirectional motion.  This is the first molecular motor found to work outside the cell.    Collagen is one of the most plentiful proteins.  It’s an important structural component of many tissues, not the least of which is skin.  Composed of three strands of rope-like polymers, it provides both strength and flexibility to skin and other tissues.  (For background on collagen and collagenase, see this description on a Wayne State biology site.)  Sometimes collagen fibrils need to be disassembled, however, and that’s the job of collagenase.  Providentially, collagen comes with joints called “cleavage sites” where the strands can be easily broken by the enzymes for quick recycling.  The collagenase motor clings like an ascender to a rope and walks up the collagen fiber to the nearest cleavage site.  Self-propelled by Brownian motion, it goes into action splitting the fibrils as needed.  What keeps it from falling back down?  Without a ratchet or clutch mechanism, all the motor could hope for when subjected to random forces is symmetric back and forth motion on the cable.  Collagenase, it turns out, uses a strategy called the “burnt bridge” technique.    If you were on a monorail buffeted by random winds, but needed to get somewhere, you could avoid rolling backward, away from your destination, by burning your bridges behind you.  Assuming your technique braked any backward motion (rather than making you fall off), this strategy would result in a net forward “propulsion.”  The collagenase motor does this by “digesting” the fiber after it passes by, preventing backward motion, and allowing the next gust of thermal energy to propel it forward.  Wouldn’t this result in traffic jams, when multiple motors bunch up against cleavage sites?  No; the motors can switch to nearby collagen fibers.  “Relief of the traffic jam is achieved by the transfer of the trapped enzyme to new tracks,” the authors explain.    The research team found that this form of propulsion is about 15% efficient but costs no ATP.  As a result, collagenase works its way along the fiber at about 4.5 micrometers per second.  On a molecular scale, that’s scootin’.  On our scale, that would translate to about a thousand miles an hour.  Imagine moving that fast on a highway with no gasoline, extracting energy from the road!  Senior author Dr. Gregory Goldberg expressed some wonder at this mechanism used by collagenase: “with our model, a whole new principle emerges in which molecular motors in the extracellular matrix operate by extracting energy from the very track they move upon.”    What does this mean to you and me?  “By digesting collagen, enzymes such as MMP-1 initiate tissue remodeling, which can have a variety of purposes from organ development to tissue repair to metastatic invasion of tumors.”  A summary on EurekAlert explains,The researchers propose the molecular motor contributes to restructuring the extracellular support matrix during tissue growth and development or wound repair or even during cancerous invasion of tissues.  Because MMP-1 moves directionally, it can serve as a clutch, assisting cell locomotion along networks of collagen in tissues.  Further, motion along the precisely aligned collagen filaments directs the proper development of individual tissue types.Your skin cells continually export these molecular machines into the extracellular matrix to break down collagen for repairs, so that your scars can heal and you can grow fresh skin.  They might be involved in many other things, like moving the entire cell along on “a ‘no-skid’ surface generated by the digestion of collagen fibrils,” the authors propose (is this what makes our skin crawl?)  If uncontrolled, though, the scissors action of these molecular machines would wreak havoc on our skin, making us melt like the wicked witch of the west.  Not to worry; everything is tightly regulated.  Goldberg reassures us, “The enzymes aren’t loose and disorganized where they would just end up destroying the matrix.  By mechanisms that we are exploring further, they create a relation between cells and the structures in the matrix.  It’s a very elegant system.”  For soft, fresh, beautiful skin, ratchet up and burn your bridges behind you.1Saffarian, Goldberg et al., “Interstitial Collagenase Is a Brownian Ratchet Driven by Proteolysis of Collagen,” Science, Vol 306, Issue 5693, 108-111, 1 October 2004, [DOI: 10.1126/science.1099179].Can’t get enough of these molecular machines.  Wow.  Giveaway question: how many times was evolution mentioned in this paper?  What is an integer less than one?(Visited 58 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Hominid Claim Is More Philosophy Than Fossils

first_imgTwo weeks ago, the media had a feeding frenzy over Tim White’s claim that his team found bones in Ethiopia from three hominid species lined up in a vertical row, showing a clear progression toward humans.  Now, the fine print has come out.  A review in Nature1 begins, “Deciding whether our ancestors evolved as a single lineage may depend more on philosophy than fossils” (emphasis added in all quotes).    Rex Dalton wrote some juicy lines in his article that creationists will love, and evolutionists will insist are taken out of context (because evolution is a fact).  You be the judge:The team suggests three species evolved as a single lineage between at least 4.4 million years ago and 2.9 million years ago – an era when humankind refined its ability to walk upright while developing new ways to live (see timeline below).    The idea is one of the most contentious in palaeoanthropology.  The fossil trove, reported earlier this month (T. D. White et al. Nature 440, 883-889; 2006) has confirmed [sic] some important aspects of the trail towards the genus Homo, which appeared around 2.3 million years ago [sic].  But experts are still bickering over the relationship between the species that have been found.Experts have squabbled over the relationship between Ar. ramidus, Au. anamensis and Au. afarensis ever since they were discovered.This month’s Nature paper makes a bold argument, and shows the Awash team seeking to put its mark on the record.  Others in the field are impressed.  “When you find 30 new hominid fossils, you are allowed a certain amount of conjecture,” says Bernard Wood, a palaeoanthropologist at George Washington University in Washington DC.  “As always, they have done a fantastic job.”    But he and others are unconvinced by the Awash team’s conclusion: “This is only the first half of the rugby match,” says Wood.Meave Leakey, lead author on the Au. anamensis discoveries in Kenya, is more blunt.  “I don’t believe this,” she says.  “We do not have the specimens to fill the gaps.”The existence of other species would cloud or eliminate the argument for a direct lineage.  “My prejudice is there are more lineages rather than fewer – more diversity,“ says Wood.  “I have to concede these new data are dramatic.  But we should beware coming out with a complete explanation when we don’t have all the evidence.”This argument frustrates White.  “There were Martians there back then too,” he says.  “And spacecraft all over the Pliocene – we just haven’t found them yet.”Similar arguments run for various phases of hominid evolution, for example whether Homo ergaster evolved into H. erectus, or whether they were two coexisting lineages – White advocates the former.  But ultimately, the argument comes down to the point that more fossils could always be found, so it is unclear that the two sides will ever agree.One of Dalton’s subtitles is, “Theory of Relativity.”  The context is the lineage of these fossils, but the subtext is the differing interpretations about their relevance to the human story.  Everyone in this rugby match, however, can agree on one thing.  The Ethiopian National Museum, which has the new fossils, is a nice place for the stadium.  Dalton ends, “This strengthens the museum as an ideal centre to study human evolution.”1Rex Dalton, “Feel it in your bones,” Nature 440, 1100-1101 (27 April 2006) | doi:10.1038/4401100a.Didn’t we foretell this?  Go back to April 12 when all the news media were slain in the spirit over White’s holey relics.  We warned that “the field of evolutionary paleoanthropology is filled with rivalry, contradiction, deception, exaggeration and outright fraud.”  Notice that Dalton’s depiction of rivalry applies not just to this case, but to “various phases of hominid evolution” – indeed, all of them.    We also said, “Too bad the news media are all dupes; they think this is science instead of mud wrestling.”  Our only mistake was getting the sport wrong.  We should have known that rugby is more bloody.(Visited 45 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more